The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes Taxonomy (SOLO) is a notion that describes the stages of learning that students go through to reach a real depth of understanding on a topic. When using the SOLO taxonomy, either the questions would be written in a different manner, or the test scorer would concentrate on classifying the responses only. ... I’ve written previously about being a big fan of Hattie’s work about what affects achievement. New York: Academic Press. Reviews hailed it as the “Holy Grail”! Six year old students can be taught to derive general principles and suggest hypotheses, though obviously to a different level of abstraction and detail than their older peers. (For a quick and easy guide for how SOLO taxonomy can improve your planning, visit http://www.hattonteachingschoolalliance.org.uk/research/research-in-brief/.) For Teaching for Quality Learning at University. 4. As with phenomenography, the SOLO taxonomy can be used to … For example, an item aiming to elicit relational responses might be 'How does the movement of the Earth relative to the sun define day and night'. Similarly, teachers could be encouraged to use the 'plus one' principle when choosing appropriate learning material for students. The Bloom taxonomy has been extensively used in teacher education to suggest learning and teaching strategies, has formed the basis of many tests developed by teachers (at least while they were in teacher training), and has been used to evaluate many tests. 3. Teaching for quality learning at university. What the student does (3rd ed). Questions can be formulated at each level of the SOLO taxonomy to ask progressively deeper, or higher-order, questions. Who painted Guernica? Kinds of knowledge, 10. Distraction 3 – … HookED uses SOLO to help schools develop a school-wide understanding of: 1. (versus Bloom's confused verb use across levels. The marker assesses each response to establish either the number of ideas (one = unistructural; _ two = multistructural), or the degree of interrelatedness (directly related or abstracted to more general principles). Cognitive processes in asTTle: The SOLO taxonomy. The progression to relational and extended abstract outcomes is qualitative. Berkshire: Society for Research into Higher Education & Open University Press. Biggs, J. SOLO Taxonomy, Biggs’ Webpage academic/solo-taxonomy/. Hattie reminds us of how SOLO taxonomy can guide us to find balance when planning our curriculum. SOLO is research/evidence based on structure of student learning outcomes (versus Bloom's developed from proposal by a committee of educators) 2. This is powerful when giving feedback, feed-forward and feed-up. For example SOLO Taxonomy Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes • A method to categorise students’ responses to open-ended questions • Focus on qualitative differences between students’ responses Biggs (2003). For further information, see 7 High-Impact Learning Strategies You Must Teach Your Students. Hattie published Visible Learning in 2009! The jump to the multistructural level is quantitative. See more ideas about Solo taxonomy, Taxonomy, Visible learning. John Hattie Labeling SOLO Taxonomy Reprint or License This Article. Visible Learning promotes the use of SOLO taxonomy. Unlike the experience of some with the Bloom taxonomy it is relatively easy to identify and categorise the SOLO levels. It is acknowledged that the most well known taxonomy in education is Bloom’s taxonomy. Page 1. Ministry of Education, Auckland UniServices, University of Auckland Date 2004 Publisher Ministry of … This is where the SOLO Taxonomy can come in handy. Biggs, J.B., & Collis, K.F. It outlines the journey from surface to deep learning. 5. same time determining different levels of complexity in the student learning outcomes or answers within that level. SOLO vs Blooms Professor John Hattie • “Bloom’s taxonomy presupposes that there is a necessary relationship between the questions asked and the responses Type Document Author(s) John Hattie, Gavin T. L. Brown, New Zealand. The SOLO Taxonomy allows students to engage in active and collaborative dialogue within five different levels of thinking. solo taxonomy SOLO stands for the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome ( SOLO ) which is a model that describes the levels of increasing complexity in student’s understanding of subjects. For example it is possible to design a learning experience using The first two are considered surface, while the third and fourth are considered deep. - Educators and students find it easy to reliably and validly determine their next steps - plus one SOLO level, 4. Evaluating the quality of learning: The SOLO taxonomy. For further information, see 7 High-Impact Learning Strategies You Must Teach Your Students. There is a closer parallel to how teachers teach and how students learn. Who painted Guernica? Blooming, SOLO Taxonomy, and Phenomenography as Assessment Strategies in Undergraduate Science ... (Hattie & Brown, 2004). SOLO Taxonomy Hattie’s Term Learning Phase? SOLO can be used to look at levels of declarative knowledge and functioning knowledge including metacognitive reflection. The levels can be interpreted relative to the proficiency of the students. —Question submitted by an education consultant from Seattle, WAProfessor John Hattie: “Teachers, they do understand what kids bring to the classroom. An example of re-writing to maximise the correspondence between the question asked and the answer expected is: Unistructural. Most of the evaluations are philosophical treatises noting, among other criticisms, that there is no evidence for the invariance of these stages, or claiming that the taxonomy is not based on any known theory of learning or teaching. Springer. This is an alternative to Bloom that Hattie advocates. Refer to this extract from Hook, P. (2006) A Thinking Curriculum NZCER p100. Thus if SOLO is used to design the learning experience and its assessment, then it is possible to design the follow-up learning experience at an appropriate level of The SOLO Taxonomy is divided into a number of levels. What compositional principles did Picasso use in Guernica? Self Assessment of the learning process (SOLO differentiated student self assessment rubrics); compare and contrast,a declarative knowledge verb at the relational level and at the same time assess a student's learning outcome or answer against success criteria written a 8. Anderson and Krathwohl's revision is an improvement, but even then under "understanding" you can find "identify", "discuss", and "explain", which represent three different SOLO levels. It shows learning progress and a plus 1 next step for every learner, Refer to this extract from Hook, P. (2012). At the extended abstract level, the new understanding at the relational level is re-thought at another conceptual level, looked at in a new way, and used as the basis for prediction, generalisation, reflection, or creation of new understanding (Hook and Mills 2011). Hattie 2012 p54, SOLO has many advantages over Bloom's Taxonomy, 1. ... Bloom’s and SOLO taxonomy in a chapter in Vinther’s Q&A. Using visual symbols to represent levels of understanding in SOLO means that coding for complexity of thinking can be undertaken by both student and teacher, allowing “where should we go next?” decisions and thinking interventions to more accurately target student learning needs. 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