The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for C. capitata. C. capitata is an important pest in Africa and has spread to almost every other continent to become the single most important pest species in its family. Ceratitis capitata is the most serious pest for citrus and many other fruits in the majority of countries with a warm, Mediterranean, tropical or subtropical climate (EPPO ⁄CABI, The use of massive SIT for the control of the Medfly, Ceratitis capitata(Wied. Identification Technology Program. Ceratitis capitata was introduced into Western Australia in 1898 and NSW, Victoria and Queensland around the same time. Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) (ITIS), Ceratitis citriperda (MacLeay), Ceratitis hispanica (De Brême), Paradalaspis asparagi (Bezzi), Tephritis capitata (Wiedemann) (ITIS), 1910 (Hawaii); infestations in the continental U.S. began in 1929 (APHIS 2003; Silva et al. Ceratitis capitata Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) is an insect of the order Diptera belonging to the Tephritidae family.It is native to the West Coast of Africa, where it … National Invasive Species Information Center, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Domestic Quarantine Notices (Title 7: Agriculture, Part 301) - Fruit Flies, State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations, YouTube - Florida's Proactive Defense from Exotic Fruit Flies, Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Mediterranean Fruit Fly (, Hungry Pests: The Threat - Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Plant Pest and Disease Program: Insects - Fruit Flies, Priority Plant Pests and Diseases: Mediterranean Fruit Fly, The Mediterranean Fruit Fly (PDF | 135 KB), Mediterranean Fruit Fly Action Plan (PDF | 556 KB), Recent Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) infestations in Florida: a genetic perspective. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Agriculture and Life Sciences. Volume 13. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Version: Dec 8, 2006; using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing. Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2015: Transient, under eradication First recorded in: 1963 From CABI Pest map 001 (2016): Present, few occurrences Comments Arica, N. Chile, where under eradication, together with adjoining Tacna Valley of Peru (EPPO Reporting Service 512/17). Approximate ITS1 fragment length – gel: 900 bp. Ceratitis capitata is a highly polyphagous species and its pattern of host relationships from region to region appears to relate largely to what fruits are available (CABI 2007). The fiscal year 2021 project list includes 29 projects funded through the National Clean Plant Network (NCPN). It has been recorded on hosts from a wide range of families. In addition to federal quarantines, state-level quarantines might apply see State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations (National Plant Board). A Federal Order is a legal document issued in response to an emergency when the Administrator of APHIS considers it necessary to take regulatory action to protect agriculture or prevent the entry and establishment into the United States of a pest or disease. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. The females can be separated from most other species by the characteristic yellow wing pattern and the apical half of the scutellum being entirely black (White and Elson-Harris 1992). This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. General information about Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Name Language; medfly: English: Mediterranean fruit fly: English: Mittelmeerfruchtfliege C. capitata is an EPPO A2 quarantine pest (OEPP/ EPPO, 1981), and is also of quarantine significance throughout the world (CPPC, NAPPO, APPPC), especially for Japan and the USA. An adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata USDA. Several species of the subgenus Ceratitis closely resemble C. capitata in the thoracic pattern, the apical expansion of cell cup, the presence of dark markings in the basal half of the wing, and in having the anterior orbital bristle of the male modified in some way. One of the best known species is Ceratitis capitata, the Mediterranean fruit fly.. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch. In Australia, there are no species of Ceratitis that look similar to C. capitata. Diagnostic BOLD reference data available. Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. Division of Plant Industry. USDA. Scientific Name Common Name Acca sellowiana(O. Berg) Burret Pineapple guava 2003), Attacks over 200 species of fruits and vegetables (APHIS 2003). Mediterranean Fruit Fly Action Plan (PDF | 556 KB) USDA, APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine. Ceratitis capitata Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) (Ceratitis capitata) is an insect pest of fruits and vegetables. 100-102. Distribution details in Italy of Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2014: Present, widespread From CABI … Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. In B. Now only found in Western Australia, it has not been detected in any eastern state since the 1950s. It has been recorded on hosts from a wide range of families. Key words: Ceratitis capitata, Mediterranean fruit fly, attractant, repellent, push-pull, trap-crop In FY 2021, funded projects include, among others: USDA will use $14 million to rapidly respond to invasive pest emergencies should a pest of high economic consequence be found in the United States. CPHST. C. capitata has no near relatives in the Western Hemisphere and is considered to be one of the most destructive fruit pests in the world. Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata) CABI. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. It is a native of Africa and was first detected in Hawaii in 1910. Thomson in two different sites, Sbikha and Sidi Bouali, in Tunisia to assess the effectiveness of kaolin, spinosad and malathion against the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera Tephritidae). This is a species of fruit fly capable of causing extensive damage to a wide range of fruit crops. Fruit flies attack soft, fleshy fruits of a wide variety of fruit and vegetable crops. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Ceratitis capitata is a highly polyphagous species and its pattern of host relationships from region to region appears to relate largely to what fruits are available (CABI 2007). Meixner, B.A. PPQ. ), Fruit Fly Pests: A World Assessment of Their Biology and Management. Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wied. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. to the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) fed on a lab diet. The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of crops. The genus contains several subgenera: Acropteromma; Ceratalaspis; Hoplolophomyia; Pardalaspis; Pterandrus Sheppard. U.S. Government Printing Office. Includes information for Mexican Fruit Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly, and Oriental Fruit Fly. The species originated in sub-Saharan Africa and is not known to be established in the continental United States. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(3), 627-638. Native to Africa, has spread to the Mediterranean region, southern Europe and Middle East (Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Yemen), Central America (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama), South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela), Hawaii and parts of Western Australia (PaDIL 2007). The essential oils of Thymus capitatus, Thymus herba-barona and Cinnamomum zeylanicum are extremely active, even at low concentrations. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY214. Rubus lucidus (RUBLU) Host Protein knowledgebase. The NCPN helps our country maintain the infrastructure necessary to ensure that pathogen-free, disease-free and pest-free certified planting materials for fruit trees, grapes, berries, citrus, hops, sweet potatoes, and roses are available to U.S. specialty crop producers. It was last recorded in the eastern states around the mid 1900s. It is ecologically adapted to regions of Mediterranean climate and less of a problem in subtropical and tropical areas although it can still be damaging in elevated tropical regions. Federal Government. Ceratitis is a genus of tephritid fruit flies with about 80 species. Plantwise Knowledge Bank. capitata interaction with a local apple variety with potential as a trap-crop, and finally the study of the possibilities of the combined use of those components for use in the field. Ceratitis rosa also closely resembles C. quilicii, a In: Insects of Hawaii. Integrated Pest Management Program. ), which is a major postharvest insect-pest, poses a great threat to exports from several citrus-exporting countries. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Mediterranean Fruit Fly. University of Georgia. Pupae of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Ceratitis capitata Ceratitis capitata 2011-12-01 00:00:00 Introduction Ceratitis capitata is the most serious pest for citrus and many other fruits in the majority of countries with a warm, Mediterranean, tropical or subtropical climate ( EPPO/CABI, 1997 ). 2003. ), strain SEIB 6-96, in Mendoza, Argentina. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from over 100 plant species. * Lanzavecchia SB, cladera JL; Faccio P, Petit Marty N, Vilardi JC, Zandomeni RO (2008) Origin and distribution of Ceratitis capitata mitochondrial DNA haplotypes in Argentina. males with a black diamond-shaped expansion of the apex of the anterior orbital seta. Trypeta capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) Tephritis capitata Wiedemann, 1824 : Pardalaspis asparagi Bezzi, 1924 : Ceratitis hispanica Breme, 1842 : Ceratitis citriperda Macleay, 1829 : Ceratitis citripeda Efflatoun, 1924 : Common Name(s): Mediterranean fruit fly [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: California Department of Food and Agriculture. In: Insects of Hawaii. was studied in Romania in 2013. It has similar environmental requirements to Ceratitis capitata except that it can withstand less dry conditions. Sequence archive. A. McPheron and G. J. Steck (eds. flies Ce ratitis capitata and Ceratitis rosa (Diptera: Tephritidae) using Amplified Fragment-Length Polymorphism. The species originated in sub-Saharan Africa and is not known to be established in the continental United States. See what states have a federal quarantine for any of the targeted Hungry Pests, and identify which pests or diseases are at greatest risk due to a suitable habitat. These include: For a full list of recorded hosts see CABI 2007. Help. The past and present distribution of Ceratitis capitata in Australia has been reviewed (Dominiak and Daniels 2012). The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Subject browse uses CABICODES which are CABI’s own classification codes for broad subjects that would be difficult to describe with keywords alone. USDA. Laboratory tests were undertaken to estimate the effects of ingesting essential oils and different monoterpenoids on Ceratitis capitata. The Mexican fruit fly and the Caribbean fruit fly are also major fruit flies that are destructive to fruit. Asian giant hornet research and eradication efforts: $944,116 in Washington and other states; Exotic fruit fly survey and detection: $5,575,000 in Florida and California; Agriculture detector dog teams: $4,287,097 to programs in California, Florida, and nationally to support detector dog teams; Honey bee and pollinator health: $1,337,819 to protect honey bees, bumble bees and other important pollinators from harmful pests; Phytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death pathogen) and related species: $513,497 in 14 states and nationally for survey, diagnostics, mitigation, probability modeling, genetic analysis, and outreach; Silva, J.G., M.D. The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Trimedlure/capilure and terpinyl acetate. In Mediterranean countries, it is … 343-345. Contains fact sheets and other resources for Mediterranean fruit fly, Mexican fruit fly, and Oriental fruit fly. Ceratitis capitata - Abdomen Dorsal Classic CAP001, Ceratitis capitata - Abdomen Ventral Classic CAP001, Ceratitis capitata - Entire Body Dorsal Classic CAP001, Ceratitis capitata - Entire Body Dorsal with Wings Classic CAP001, Ceratitis capitata - Entire Body Lateral Classic CAP001. Also attracted to EGO lure which appears to be more powerful than trimedlure, Ohhh Snap! The technique is based on placing a high density of traps with an attractant (Ferag CC D TM®, a three-membrane dispensers of trimethylamine, ammonium acetate and diaminoalkane), and a toxicant, aiming to capture the highest numbers of adults in the grove. Adult of Ceratitis capitata The insect Mediterranean Fruit Fly, the Ceratitis capitata or Medfly, is one of the most serious pest of cultivated plants and, especially, fruit production worldwide. Hungry Pests: The Threat - Mediterranean Fruit Fly. 2003), Usually through imported fruit and other crops infested with fruit fly larvae (Silva et al. Native to sub‐Saharan Africa, Ceratitis capitata has spread to Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles, North Africa, Southern Europe, the … Pupation, adult emergence and sex ratios of survived flies were investigated to study Ceratitis capitata, commonly known as the Mediterranean fruit fly or medfly, is a yellow and brown fruit pest that originates from sub-Saharan Africa. Ceratitis capitata is a highly polyphagous species whose larvae develop in a very wide range of unrelated fruits. Consequently, the following characters can be used to distinguish C. capitata from all other species of Tephritidae occurring in Australia.  These features include; These characters also distinguish C. capitata from all other species in the genus wherever they may occur worldwide. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Each database record is assig Universities, states, federal agencies, nongovernmental organizations, nonprofits, and Tribal organizations will carry out selected projects in 49 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico. The mesothoracic tibiae of the males are clothed with dorsal and ventral brushes of elongated bluish-black scales, lacking in the C. capitata. The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata(Wiedemann), is one of the world's most destructive fruit pests. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is allocating more than $70 million to support 383 projects under the Plant Protection Act’s Section 7721 program to strengthen the nation’s infrastructure for pest detection and surveillance, identification, threat mitigation, to safeguard the nursery production system and to respond to plant pest emergencies. The ovipositor sheath of the female is shorter than the width at its base. University of Hawaii. USDA. APHIS. APHIS. University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. Journal of Economic Entomology, 94(4), 989 -997. The effects of different essential oils, rich in oxygen-containing monoterpenes, isolated from three aromatic plants largely spread in Algarve (southern Portugal) were observed on Ceratitis capitata adults. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Ceratitis capitatais the most serious pest for citrus and many other fruits in the majority of countries with a warm, Mediterranean, tropical or subtropical climate (EPPO/CABI, 1997). Because of its wide distribution over the world, its ability to tolerate co… Figure 14. Federal Orders are effective immediately and contain the specific regulatory requirements. Ceratitis capitata. The isolation of the essential oils were carried out by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC-MS. It should be considered as a potential invasive species in other parts of Africa, outside its current range, and in other parts of the world (Tanga et al., 2018). DdeI and RsaI are fully diagnostic for C. capitata, although most of the others provide additional diagnostic value. x; UniProtKB. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. It’s elimination may have been due to competition with Bactrocera tryoni combined with controls applied in affected orchards (Permkam and Hancock 1994). Steck, and W.S. Pupal views of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). Abstract Mass trapping is being used in Mediterranean regions to control Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in citrus. 2003. Plant Health Division. It attacks more than 350 plant species and the damage it causes amounts to several hundred million dollars per year. Credits: Jeffery Lotz, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services-Division of Plant Industry; www.forestryimage.org Figure 13. Length of the fly 4 to 5 mm (UF and FDACS 2009). The males of Ceratitis capitata are easily separated from all other members of the family by the black pointed expansion at the apex of the anterior pair of orbital setae. * Putruele MTG (1996) Hosts for Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus in the northeastern province of Entre Ríos, Argentina, pp. Taxonomy. In C. capitata, it is black and resembles a diamond apically rather than some other shape (Foote, Blanc and Norrbom 1993). Field experiments were conducted in 2005 on orange, Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck, var. Plant Protection and Quarantine. When it has been detected in Florida, California, and Texas, especially in recent years, each infestation necessitated intensive and massive eradication and detection procedures so that the pest did not become established. The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata(Wiedemann), is one of the world's most destructive fruit pests. UniParc. JavaScript appears to be disabled, small to medium-sized, brightly coloured flies, scutellum swollen, rounded above, shiny black with a thin sinuate yellow streak near base dorsally, scutum yellowish with numerous black areas in a characteristic pattern, abdomen yellowish with two narrow transverse light-coloured bands, wing relatively broad in comparison with its length, cloudy yellow, with three brown bands on apical two-thirds, all separated from each other, and smaller dark irregular-shaped streaks within the cells in the proximal half. Learn more about the Plant Protection Act, Section 7721 on the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) website: www.aphis.usda.gov/ppa-projects. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of C. capitata. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. The examined developmental stages were early eggs (<6 h), late eggs (>42 h), first instar, second instar and third instar larvae. Established in parts of Western Australia. Mcpheron, G.J. APHIS. Its presence in Hawaii, but not in mainland USA, has contributed to its high international profile as a quarantine pest. Because of its wide distribution over the world, its ability to tolerate co… It is highly polyphagous and causes damage to a very wide range of unrelated fruit crops. pp. Arizona State University. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) (ITIS) ... CAB International. A Manual of the Insects of the Hawaiian Islands, including an Enumeration of the Species and the Notes on their Origin, Distribution, Hosts, Parasites, etc.